Heat stroke is a medical condition that occurs when the body overheats and cannot cool down. It is a severe form of heat illness and requires immediate medical attention as it can be life-threatening. The condition usually develops in people who are exposed to high temperatures for prolonged periods of time. They can experience symptoms such as confusion, seizures, and even loss of consciousness.
Heat stroke is caused by prolonged exposure to high temperatures, and it can occur in any age group. Prolonged exposure to the sun, resulting in dehydration and an increase in core body temperature, is the most common cause. Other factors include strenuous physical activity in high temperatures, dehydration, alcohol consumption, and certain medications. People who are obese, have heart or lung disease, or are on certain medications, such as diuretics or antihistamines, are at greater risk of developing heat stroke.
The symptoms of heat stroke include a high body temperature, nausea, vomiting, headache, dizziness, confusion, seizures, and even loss of consciousness. It is crucial to seek medical attention immediately as the condition can be fatal. The treatment for heat stroke includes cooling the body, rehydration, and electrolyte replacement. In some cases, hospitalization may be necessary. The best way to prevent heat stroke is to stay hydrated, avoid exposure to high temperatures, and wear protective clothing when venturing out in the sun for long periods.